The Rediscovered Epistle of Paul To Clement-Instant Download
CLEMENT OF ROME, First Epistle With Study Notes
Ketovet Qlemes Me-Romiyah THE FIRST EPISTLE OF CLEMENT TO THE CORINTHIANS/CORINTYAHIM Restored True Name Version © Translated by J.B. Lightfoot.
Edited By Rabbi Moshe Yoseph Koniuchowsky
Phylypsiyah –Philippians- 4:3-And I ask you also, emet chaverim, help those women who labored with me in the besorah, with Qlemes also, and with others of my fellow laborers, whose names are in the Scroll of Chayim. RSTNE 3rd Edition
Introductory Note to the First Epistle of Clement to the Corinthians. [C. E. 30-100] Clement was probably a Gentile and a Roman. He seems to have been at Philippi with
Rav/Shaul Rav Shaul/Paul (A.D. 57) when that first-born of the western kehillot was passing through great trials of emunah/faith. The following is the Introductory Notice of the original editors and translators, Drs. Roberts and Donaldson:
The first Epistle, bearing the name of Clement, has been preserved to us in a single manuscript only. Though very frequently referred to by ancient Christian writers, it remained unknown to the scholars of Western Europe until happily discovered in the Alexandrian manuscript. This manuscript of the Sacred Scriptures (known and generally referred to as Codex A) was presented in 1628 by Cyril, Patriarch of Constantinople, to Charles I., and is now preserved in the British Museum. Subjoined to the books of the New Testament contained in it, there are two writings described as the Epistles of one Clement. Of these, that found here is the first. It is tolerably perfect, but there are many slight lacunae, or gaps, in the manuscript, and one whole leaf is supposed to have been lost towards the close. These lacunae, however, so numerous in some chapters, do not generally extend beyond a word or syllable, and can for the most part by easily supplied.
Who the Clement was to whom these writings are ascribed, cannot with absolute certainty be determined. The general opinion is, that he is the same as the person of that name referred to by Rav Shaul/Rav Shaul/Paul (Phi_4:3). The writings themselves contain no statement as to their author. The first, and by far the longer of them, simply purports to have been written in the name of the kehilla at Romiyah/Rome to the kehilla at Corinthyah. But in the catalogue of contents prefixed to the manuscript they are both plainly attributed to one Clement; and the judgment of most scholars is, that, in regard to the first Epistle at least, this statement is correct, and that it is to be regarded as an authentic production of the friend and fellow-worker of Rav Shaul/Rav Shaul/Paul. This belief may be traced to an early period in the history of the kehilla. It is found in the writings of Eusebius (Hist. Eccl., iii. 15), of Origen (Comm. in Joan, i. 29), and others. The internal evidence also tends to support this opinion. The doctrine, style, and manner of thought are all in accordance with it; so that, although, as has been said, positive certainty cannot be reached on the subject,
we may with great probability conclude that we have in this Epistle a composition of that Clement who is known to us from Scripture as having been an associate of the great apostle. The date of this Epistle has been the subject of considerable controversy. It is clear from the writing itself that it was composed soon after some persecution (chap. 1.) which the Roman kehilla had endured; and the only question is, whether we are to fix upon the persecution under Nero or Domitian. If the former, the date will be about the year 68; if the latter, we must place it towards the close of the first century or the beginning of the second. We possess no external aid to the settlement of this question. The probability seems, on the whole, to be in favor of the Domitian period, so that the Epistle may be dated about A.D. 97. This Epistle was held in very high esteem by the early kehilla. The account given of it by Eusebius (Hist. Eccl., iii. 16) is as follows: "There is one acknowledged Epistle of this Clement (whom he has just identified with the friend of Rav Shaul/Rav Shaul/Paul), great and admirable, which he wrote in the name of the kehilla of Romiyah/Rome to the kehilla at Corinthyah, sedition having then arisen in the latter kehilla. We are aware that this Epistle has been publicly read in very many kehillot both in old times, and also in our own day." The Epistle before us thus appears to have been read in numerous kehillot, as being almost on a level with the canonical writings. And its place in the Alexandrian manuscript, immediately after the inspired books, is in harmony with the position thus assigned it in the primitive kehilla. There does indeed appear a great difference between it and the inspired writings in many respects, such as the fanciful use sometimes made of Old Testament statements, the fabulous stories which are accepted by its author, and the general diffuseness and feebleness of style by which it is distinguished. But the high tone of evangelical emet/truth, which pervades it, the simple and earnest appeals, which it makes to the heart and conscience, and the anxiety, which its writer so constantly shows to promote the best interests of the kehilla of Moshiach, still impart an undying charm to this precious relic of later apostolic times.